Full sail dating
The three-masted Cutty Sark on display at Greenwich, England may well be the best known of the clippers.
The ghanjah was a large two- or three-masted vessel with a curved stem and a long sloping and often ornately carved transom, originating from India.Also bootschip in Dutch, literally translated as 'boatship". Brigantine: A two-masted vessel with square sails on the foremast and fore-and-aft sails on the mainmast. In the 17th century the term Brigantine was also used to describe any variety of small two-masted square-rigged vessels. Caravel: A relatively small but highly manoeuvrable Portuguese vessel of the 15th and 16th centuries setting lateen sails on two, three, or four masts and sometimes setting a single square sail on the foremast.Buss: A relatively large two- or sometimes three-masted European sailing vessel dating from the late 15th through the 17th century, used mainly for the North-Sea herring fishery. When lateen-rigged was classified as a 'caravela latina', when modified as a square-rigged vessel was classified as a 'caravela redonda'.Clipper: A variety of square-rigged speed-built merchant ships built between 17.Often thought of as some of the most beautiful and elegant sailing vessels ever built.Used as a tender, for shore landing parties, towing, warping, rescue missions, patrols, escape from mutiny, to mention only a few purposes.
Boats came in a variety of shapes and sizes depending on time-period, geography and function: barges, cutters, dinghies, gigs, launches, longboats, pinnaces, shallops, skiffs, wherries and yawls.
Introduced to the Mediterranean in the 14th century, a cocca was a one- or two-masted square-rigged and clinker-built vessel. Cog: A single-masted clinker-built vessel used until the 15th century.
The Cog originated in Northern Europe and spread throughout the Baltic and to the Mediterranean.
Examples of a Baltimore clipper Bark: A vessel square-rigged on all but the aftermost mast, which is fore-and-aft rigged. Most were three-masted, some were four- or five-masted vessels.
Before the mid 18th century the term Barque was also often used for any three-masted vessel not fitting any other accepted nomenclature or category.
Down Easter: A square-rigged merchant vessel combining large carrying capacity with a relatively sharp hull.